WHY ONLY THIS PRONOUN अस्मिन् IS SELECTED ?
It is right to follow the celebrity of scriptures; still, why – any one of the following words like : परमात्मनि’in the Supreme Self’ , परमेश्वरे’in the Supreme Lord’ , भगवति’in God’, etc. – that are agreeable to scriptures – should not be applied ? Answer to this question is as follows : Here, this pronoun अस्मिन्’in Him’ is properly used. For, Pronoun = सर्वनाम in Sanskrit. सर्वनाम is the name for everything; and God, Himself, has become everything.
The Supreme Self has different forms like : Virtuous(सगुण), that without qualities (निर्गुण), that having form(साकार), and that is formless(निराकार). श्रुति, स्मृति and पुराण have invented thousands of names in order to recognize these forms; and some of the names are as follows : Truth (सत्य), Knowledge (ज्ञान), Bliss(आनन्द), Eternal-Pure-Awareness-Liberation(नित्यशुद्धबुद्धमुक्त), Imperishable One (अश्रर), the Soul of the universe(ब्रह्म), the Supreme Lord (परमेश्वर), the all pervading God(विष्णु), the Auspicious God(शिव), the Goddess of Energy (शक्ति), the Sun God(सवितृ), etc. Every name among these, all at once, brings its special meaning itself to our mind. These names are defined : सत्य means that which remains in the same form without changing; ज्ञान means that which is having never changing form of consciousness; आनन्द means that which is having complete happiness; नित्यशुद्धबुद्धमुक्त means that which is ever disconnected from impurity, that which is eternally having its all-knowing (सर्वज्ञ) form, and that which is eternally not having any regulation; अक्षर means that which is having imperishability; ब्रह्म means that which is the biggest one by all manner; परमेश्वर means the one who is the Supreme Lord than the independent rulers; विष्णु means the all pervading One; शिव means the one who has the Auspicious Form; शक्ति means the goddess who is the ball of energy; गणेश means the Lord of the group who are having body, organs, etc; सवितृ means the Creator of the world and the fruit of action for all living beings. In this manner, every word carries its own meaning; this
सर्वनाम (pronoun) अस्मिन् (in Him) is the word which is the compendium of meaning of all the above names; therefore, this word is selected rightly.
Then, what fitness is there in selecting this pronoun by leaving all other pronouns ? This question is also answered : There is one reason for this selection. अयम् (He), the pronoun, as we have already mentioned, is the famous verbal one in the scripture; this word is employed in the sentences of the Upanishads like – अयमात्मा ब्रह्म, etc; God is everywhere and He is the Inner-most Self (सर्वान्तरात्मा) of everyone and everything; and, therefore, this pronoun is befittingly selected. The practitioners (साधकाः) obtain confidence that God who is the Self dwells in them and He need not be searched externally elsewhere. Therefore, there is a greater fitness in employing this pronoun which refers to the nearest one.
This reminds us the following sentences : पश्यत्स्विहैव निहितं गुहायाम् (मुं. 3-9-8). This sentence of the मुण्डक उपनिषत् tells : If it is clearly seen, the Principle of God (परमात्मतत्त्व) is found in the cave of the heart. ईश्वरः सर्वभूतानां हृद्देशेsर्जुन तिष्ठति (गी. 18-61), the Lord tells : O अर्जुन, God dwells in the heart of all living beings.
THE EXPLANATION OF परमप्रेमरूपा
8. The word भक्ति has many meanings in Sanskrit : (1) In the सामवेद, a part of one साम is called भक्ति. (2) In the शब्दशास्त्र (Grammar), if one word is used in another meaning, that word has भक्ति means a secondary meaning (गौणवृत्ति). (3) The word भक्ति has a worldly meaning : faith or love towards teachers and elders. The भक्ति word has originated from the root भज् which means serving; in order to serve anyone love is essential; therefore, it flashes in the mind that the भक्ति word has the meaning ‘love’ (प्रेम) also. The following words like : मातृभक्ति, पितृभक्ति, गुरुभक्ति, राजभक्ति, राष्ट्रभक्ति, etc. contain the word भक्ति which has only one meaning : love that has originated due to the worshipful attitude. But , in this scripture, भक्ति is love for God.